NAIC Survey: 88% of Insurers are Using AI or Machine Learning

(Insurance NewsNet) - A recent survey of auto insurers found that 88% of insurers currently use, plan to use or plan to explore using artificial intelligence or machine learning as part of their everyday operations.

The National Association of Insurance Commissioners published the report by the Big Data and Artificial Intelligence Working Group. It is part of a wide-ranging effort on the part of several NAIC groups to get a better grasp on artificial intelligence and big data usage in insurance.

The 193 respondents to the Private Passenger Auto Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning Survey say they are staying away from the controversial uses of AI and data tracking. Most respondents said they are using AI/ML in claims, followed by marketing and fraud detection, and only a minority using it for underwriting, rating and loss prevention.

The PPA survey was conducted under market conduct examination authority of nine states: Connecticut, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Nevada, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin. The survey was limited to only larger companies, defined as those PPA writers with more than $75 million in 2020 direct premium written.

Settling on a definition

NAIC regulators have placed a greater emphasis on AI, big data and related technology in recent years. Several states have adopted laws as well. The concern is that technology will create automated processes that discriminate, even inadvertently, against consumers based on race, religion, sex or other factors.

Legislators in several states, Colorado and California, for example, have acted to rein in use of AI and big data through new laws. Insurers prefer uniform laws so they don't have to comply with different requirements in different states. But it might already be too late for the NAIC to create a uniform model of standards.

According to research firm IDC, the use of AI solutions in the insurance market will grow 32 percent by 2026. Global spending on AI will more than double by then to over $300 billion, the firm predicted.

According to the survey, claims is the most popular application of AI and ML. Out of 193 reporting companies, 135 reported using AI/ML for claims operations, and 20 reported having
models under construction.

"Companies reported currently using AI/ML claims models mostly as an informational resource for adjusters (96 companies)," the survey reads. "Few companies are using AI/ML claims models for claims approvals (9) and none are using them for claims denials. Other AI/ML claims models are currently used to determine claim settlement amounts (50), to make claim assignment decisions (58), to evaluate images of loss (55), and for other claim-related functions (66)."

Here is a full breakdown of AL/ML uses as reported by respondents:

Courtesy of the NAIC

Five objectives

Regulators laid out five key objectives for the survey. They are:

1. To learn directly from the industry about what is happening in this space.

2. To get a sense of the current level of risk and exposure and whether or how the industry is managing or mitigating that risk.

3. To develop information for trending, such as how the risk is evolving over time, and the industry’s responsive actions.

4. To inform a meaningful and useful regulatory approach, framework, and/or strategy for overseeing and monitor in this activity,

5. To learn from prior surveys to inform and improve future surveys.

The Big Data and Artificial Intelligence Working Group meets March 22 at the NAIC Spring Meeting in Louisville. Discussion of AL/ML surveys is on the agenda.

By John Hilton
March 14, 2023


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